Monday, September 23, 2019

Marconi 2024 RF Signal Generator Error 508: Amplitude modulator unlevelled Repair

I have recently bought a used Marconi 2024. But instrument was partially faulty having issue a minor issue with LCD screen and a comparatively major issue with Error 508 : Amplitude modulator unleveled. So it needed a repair First i will try to fix issue Error 508 because replacement compatible LCD will arrive later.

This post is going through will be mostly what to look for when you are attempting to fix same issue in your marconi/IRF or now aeroflex 2024 or similar marconi 2023.

This article will quote  service manual for this instrument multiple time, service manual can be easily found with just simple internet search or on ko4bb

As i have already fixed my issue now i know with my instrument issue was with carrier RF signal level being too low. But issue with other instrument many be different so  i will still describe here how i traced to the faulty component.

I assume all power supply voltage are fine with voltage and ripple.

There are two version of service manual available. old service manual have There are a quite a few error in newer service manual's schematic.

As per Maintenance manual  Error 508: Amplitude modulator unlevelled appear when pin diode based modulator loop is running into issue with either AM level or the level of carrier RF signal or detection circuit of AM modulated RF signal.






Wednesday, June 19, 2019

OpenSource DIY USB Webcam: OV7670 OV2640 Interfacing With PIC32MZ Streaming Video over USB Video Device class UVC Device

This project is going to extension to my previous project in which i implemented USB Video device class onto Microchip PIC32 USB stack.  Last project i showed how once can transmit static image over USB UVC , now i will be showing you how you can interface these commonly available  VGA/UXGA Sensors OV7670/OV2640 to PIC32MZ MCU.





Friday, May 31, 2019

Implementing USB Video Device Class (UVC) Device Driver on Microchip USB Stack, PIC32

I was recently working on a little project in which i need to stream video from mcu to PC, so i decided to look for a solution. My first obvious solution was to make a custom protocol over USB bulk or isochronous Transfer and also make some application in Qt or MATLAB to stream and display video.

But when i looked little bit more , I found out that there is already a USB video class assigned for this specific task. Driver for UVC device are already standard and present in many well used OS. Driver is present in Windows and Linux both.

As Video over USB is quite resource intensive task so it is not common to use a MCU,  I was using PIC32 MCU for project, and USB stack Provided by microchip was no exception, Microchip USB stack does not have support for UVC. So i decided to implement my self.

This project will be multi part project ,
in First part i will have static image 160x120 pixel resolution, stream over the USB and play in VLC.
Second Part i will interface a OV7670 camera to the MCU and stream live video on VLC.





A Sample image 160x120 Pixel converted to yuy2 , Streamed over USB played on VLC


Monday, April 22, 2019

Zwei2: OpenSource Breadboardable Microchip PIC32MZ Board USB

Quite often i use PIC32 microcontrollers in my project, and as since quite some time PIC32MZ microcontrollers are there, with improved features such as USB HS and much more . i was not able to find a board which exactly fits my needs. so i made my self this little board ,i call it Zwei^2 , it is quite small,and can be put onto a breadboard.







Sunday, April 7, 2019

PIC32MX DMA Performance Test , PMP Parallel Master Port DMA Performance (Specifically PIC32MX470F512H)

This is going to be Quick Post showing Maximum Possible Performance of DMA in PIC32MX MCU, These tests are performed with PIC32MX470F512H running at 120Mhz

Short answer:
if you do not want to read further than. My result show DMA can perform 32bit transfers at rate of maximum 10Mhz. This result is quite similar to few other article on web, I do not have answer what exactly limit the maximum transfer rate to 10Mhz, but actual achievable transfer rate may vary depending on the System Bus availability,  As System bus is shared between all DMA , CPU and other peripheral.

I have also tried to trigger transfer from timer and external interrupt , any trigger rate above 10Mhz start skipping transfers,

As rule of thumb on PIC32 Maximum achievable trigger rate of DMA is System clock divided by 10, as i have read quite a few places each DMA transfer takes roughly  10 System Clock Cycles.

Experiment 1:

In this test I have setup PMP in slave mode, and we will using DMA to push data out of MCU over 8Bit Parallel Master port(PMP). PMP is also set to  Interrupt on each transfer  which will trigger DMA to copy one byte from a lookup table into PMDOUT register.
lookup table looks like this

uint8_t look_up[]=
{
    1,
    1<<1,
    1<<2,
    1<<3,
    1<<4,
    1<<5,
    1<<6,
    1<<7,
};

This look up table will display like this on oscilloscope output :
RD is active low , which is set to active. and D0 to D7 shows lookup table on PMP 8bit Data output port.

DMA byte transfer rate ~100ns each transfer, DMA free triggered by PMP Transfer
Each Byte transfer trigger next DMA transfer of next byte, DMA also start automatically when when all bytes from table transferred, This test show Each byte take same amount of time of ~100ns.

Tuesday, November 13, 2018

DIY Open Source LM399 10V Voltage Reference, Second Revision

This is second version of my simple LM399 based reference board, when i made my last version i received quite few small feedback form eevblog forum member, so i have made few improvements in second reversion accumulating those suggestions.

Fist improvements is , Reverse probity protection, Now you can see in left corner a P-channel Mosfet and a resistor forming reverse polarity protection. Now it can save its self from damage caused by reverse polarity.
With reverse polarity protection comes this little red power led indicating supply to the board.
one major change is , now there is this 1k 10 Turn pot with 10PPM Opamp gain setting registers  with help of this pot now it is possible to adjust output voltage from reference to exactly 10.00000V. And it can be easily jumpered if not needed
There are few minor change in the PCB as well slots cut around actual reference chip is now wider, so now it is little bit easier to fit insulation foam cap, there are few minor changes on silk screen indicates input voltage, input and output voltage polarity.




Sunday, August 26, 2018

DIY Open Source LM399 10V Voltage Reference

while working on a project i needed a really stable voltage reference so i made my self  LM399 based 0.5 ppm/ C 10V refernce.
LM399 is nice shunt reference chip , Although initial accuracy is only 2% but accurancy does not matter , what matter is stability. Because i have recently calibrated Agilent 34465A 6.5 digit multimeter , i can easily find out absolute value. 

With 0.5 ppm/C and 10V range , its translate to 5uV /C. At this range of temperature stability it is way beyond what my Agilent 34465A can measure.



Sunday, August 5, 2018

Agilent 53132A 53131A 53181A DIY Open Source 3Ghz Channel Option 030 Board

As mentioned my Open source Agilent OCXO upgrade post, I mentioned, I have bought a Agilent 53132A a 12 digit universal counter, more capable than commonly known 53131A 10 Digit Counter. Both are really nice units though.

unit i have bought did you have ultra stable oven oscillator so i made oven board, this unit also have option for third channel, my unit did not came with any third channel.. which is capable for frequency up to 12.5 Ghz with correct option installed. These optional board contains RF Gain blocks and frequency prescaler chips. many people have made there own DIY units but none of the is open source. So i have to make one open source DIY Design.

Although i did not needed any RF counter, but i still decided to make my self 3Ghz prescaler. Because when i was doing oven board so it was no too much hassle to make one more board.

here is how board looks



Sunday, July 22, 2018

Open Source DIY Agilent 53132A 53131A 53181A OCXO Ultra High Stability Timebase Oven Upgrade

While i was working with my own GPSDO project. i need to have a frequency counter with descent stability so purchased my self a Agilent 53132A which is a 12 digit frequency counter , big brother to 53131A 10 Digit Counter. Both are really nice units.
But they unusable standard Timebase. So optional oven oscillator time base need to purchase. but 53132A and 53131A both unit are no longer available for sale. and neither of the Time base upgrades.

At first i decided to look around for time bases on online retail sites as already knew other people are selling them.
But i had few doubts , how well the whole thing is put together. what kind of parts they have used? How good is oven they are using? and Are they using same parts as per the original Agilent time base?
As it is quite normal for stuff listed on common online retail sites, It are quite cheaply made. and i found not even a single Time base who provides exact Bill of martial and give any specification details about the OCXO they are having. ofcourse OCXO is quite expensive so they all were using old OCXO which is totally fine but some data should be available.





Wednesday, July 18, 2018

TruePosition GPSDO 10Mhz Clock Standard Reference Distribution Board

As i am working on my own GPSDO project i had multiple of these Trueposition GPSDO modules, for using them correctly i put them into enclosure. here is how whole project goes.