Monday, October 5, 2015

WireFrame FPGA Board , Breadboardable Xilinx XC3S250E Board

  I have built a little FPGA board Xilinx xc3s250e called WireFrame. the board is only 50mm x 25 mm in size and it is possible to breadboard it. board also has 32MByte SDRAM, 4MByte serial Flash for storage. total 3  2A max  each Switching regulator for Vcc I/O 3.3V (adjustable with regulator feed back resistors), VCCAUX 2.5 V and VCCINT  1.2v.

  the first version of the board also had some switching boost circuit to generate various rails for E-ink displays. we don't need this feature for our current project. actually a little while back , I was working on project which interface a 6'' E-ink display to a ARM CPU Running Linux. the over all Requirement was in such shape it was not possible directly interface the display to the Linux machine because of the way raw e-ink screen works.E-ink screen does not have any intelligent controller built-in it has only a few Row and column driver which make the whole thing work. so I worked a little FPGA solution to work as controller instead going for standard controller IC because of few reasons.

The FPGA Board



   The board "WireFrame" has Xilinx XC3S250E at its core ,has 4MByte serial flash for bit-stream storage,32 MByte of SDRam and a small 25Mhz crystal oscillator (can be used FPGA's DCMs to multiply the clock upto hundreds of Mhz), total 3 2A each power regulator with maximum 6V input ,one regulator each For VccI/O 3.3V , VccAUX 2.5V and VccINT 1.2V. board completely breadboard-able  , has two 19pin 0.1'' pitch header to be inserted into breadboard. out of total 19 pins there are power input , all 3 regulator’s output, FPGA reset and FPGA I/O them self , few I/O are marked with capability of  being configurable as differential pair.a six pin 2.5V JTAG header is separate for FPGA bit-stream download. board comes in very small size of only 50x25mm.

    PCB has 4 layers 2 for signal and 2 for power. PCB is designed with trial version of altium and source code gerber file are available for download form github repo   https://github.com/circuitvalley/WireFrame-FPGA

The FPGA

 the Xilinx XC3S250E it has 250K logic blocks 73Kbit Distributed RAM bits , 360K block ram , 20 Dedicated Multipliers , 4 DCMs. we have used VQG100 package which is very small for such a big FPGA for the shake of small board size. With VQG100 package we got only total 66 I/O (including input only) lines , 30 differential lines.  more details how the FPGA is configured to boot ,powered and connected to other peripheral please refer to the schematic.

The DRAM 

   we have used winbond w9825g6 4 M x 4 BANKS x 16 BITS SDRAM.The RAM is mounted on the bottom side of the board ,it is in TSOP II 54-pin, 400 mil Package


The Serial Flash 
   we have used MX25L3206E , 32Mega Bit , 4 Mega Byte of serial , flash to store bit stream file. it possible to use the Flash to store user Data, but it require some special care need to be taken , as ChipEnable pin of Flash is connected to done pin of the FPGA so after configuration finish the FLASH automatically get disabled , so to keep it enabled you need to short two smd header on the board  to keep the FLASH always enabled, by this you will lose the facility of Done pin , means you on board configuration finish led will always be off.  and there DRAM pins also multiplexed with Flash so you will not be able to access DRAM also.

The Power regulators
 we have used TPS62065QDSGRQ1 3Mhz 2A setpdown converter in a very small 2x2 SON package to keep the whole board profile as low as possible. Regulator take upto 6V inputs , same regulator is used to generate all 3 power rails in the system , each regulator can take upto 2A current , current consumption of the FPGA depends totally on the Design FPGA is running.

Configuration finish LED (Done pin)

 There is a tiny little LED to indicate that FPGA configuration has been finished with the help of DONE pin of the FPGA , you see the led in the right side of the driver transistor.

Downloading the Bit-stream 

  the board does not have any any programmer on board , it only expose a 6 pin header for JTAG based programming . you can use any xilinx programmer you like there are many programmer available other there.  we are also planning to make programmer in future but for now you have to getaway with some third party programmer. 

The Board Schematic 



Expesion Header Pinout



Source and Gerber file 

 board is completely opesource and all the design file and gerber files are freely available in the github repo of circuitvalley

https://github.com/circuitvalley/WireFrame-FPGA

PCB 3D 




 

Projects with WireFrame FPGA Board

Creating First Project, LED blinking with Binary Counter , Xilinx ISE Tutorial





WireFrame FPGA Board, Validating counter modules with ModelSim Tutorial



WireFrame FPGA Board : NEC IR Receiver module With VerilogHDL






Basic Frequency Meter with FPGA , Verilog HDL , WireFrame FPGA

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